Le Corbusier was born in Switzerland but later on became a French citizen.ALthough his real name is Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris, he is most commonly known as Le Corbusier. He was an architect, writer, painter, designer, and urbanist, he was one of the pioneers of what is now known as modern architecture. He lived from October 6 1887 to August 27, 1965.
One of Le Cobusier’s project was the chapel of Notre Dame Du Haut at Ronchamp. This is a Catholic church, it was completed in 1956, sponsored by Father Couturier. This works as other he has done derives from his principles of standardization and aesthetic outline from his collection of essays Vers une architecture, “Towards a New Architecture”, The roof of the chapel was inspired by airfoils, seen on airplanes for aerodynamics purposes, that’s why its curved on top. Almost all of the building is curved, mostly made out of concrete, with really thick walls, where chunks of the wall are taken out as squares, to make windows around it. Which provide indirect light to the inside of the building. It gives a sense of a being a ship, The Christian Church sees it self as the ship of God, so this building remarks that statement. The building that was in this same location before this church was another church, which was destroyed during WWII, and Le Corbusier as a last symbolic gesture filled the inside of the wall with the rubble from the previous chapel. The building itself its a comparatively small structure. From all four sides of the hill, the horizon line is visible. The place provided a strong spirit like essence, the spirit of the place or genius loci, as a place of worship. The Jura mountains from a distance with the hill dominated the landscape, which is why Le Corbusier felt a sacred relationship between the hill and its surroundings. Overall the structure is placed on a great location in the landscape, as being on top of a hill, showing some dominance over everything else, but not many people know about it, unless your a design student, since even the people in Ronchamp don’t really know how to get to this place of serenity.